Even if you’re not an expert on the inner workings of CBD oil, you’ve almost certainly heard of it by now. You might even be familiar with some of the wellbeing benefits. But did you know that CBD is just one of over 140 known cannabinoids? Cannabinoids are molecules found in the cannabis plant, many of which can be found in full and broad spectrum CBD oil products and lend themselves to the massive therapeutic potential of the plant.
Although CBD and THC (the infamous psychoactive compound in cannabis) are the compounds we know most about, there are other cannabinoids coming up fast as cannabis celebrities. One cannabinoid that is astounding researchers with its incredible interactions with the body, in many ways proving to be even more effective for certain needs than CBD, is CBG (cannabigerol). Now, you can also buy products containing CBG – so in this article, we’ll take you through what you need to know about it!
Everything you need to know about CBG
Unlike CBD, which is the most abundant cannabinoid in the hemp plant, and THC, which is the most abundant in most marijuana strains, CBG is what’s known as a ‘minor cannabinoid’. As you can probably guess, this means that CBG is present in much lower levels in the cannabis plant, usually not exceeding more than 1%. But since research has started revealing some of the potential benefits of CBG, plant breeders have started playing with different genetics to try and bring it to the forefront.
CBG and the Endocannabinoid System (ECS)
A particular point of interest for CBG is the way it works with the endocannabinoid system – a complex network of neurotransmitters (endocannabinoids) and receptors (CB1 and CB2) found throughout the body which make up one of the most vital physiological systems for everything with a backbone. The one that keeps everything (I repeat, everything) in balance.
The CBD molecule is well known for supporting the ECS. It does this by inhibiting the enzyme that breaks down our endocannabinoids and by encouraging their release, as well as encouraging the activation of ECS receptors. It does not, however, have the ability to directly activate them.
CBG, on the other hand, does – both CB1 and CB2 receptors. This is one of the things that make it so special, as it can stand in as a supplement for our endocannabinoids if they are not being produced properly – an issue dubbed an ‘endocannabinoid deficiency’, which can occur as a result of chronic stress, sleep deprivation, poor sleeping patterns, poor diet and multiple other factors.
Given what we know about the ECS and how its activation helps to restore and maintain equilibrium, the way CBG mimics our endocannabinoids is likely to do the same thing. This is great news for people who are so deficient in endocannabinoids, that they are barely being produced at all – as is thought might be the case for those suffering from migraines, fibromyalgia and IBS.
CBG: A Cannabinoid with HUGE potential
As the ECS is so widespread, this direct activation CBG offers can impact many different areas, and therefore potentially (as studies are now backing up) a multitude of conditions.
So far, it looks as though CBG actually might be a more potent pain reliever and anti-inflammatory (both inside an out) than THC – which is impressive, as THC is not a molecule to be sniffed at! But, CBG doesn’t get you high.
There’s also evidence to support CBG’s actions as a vasodilator, which makes it a prime candidate for exploring its potential effects on Glaucoma, as well as a neuroprotectant, as demonstrated in studies exploring its application in Parkinson’s, Huntington’s and Neuroinflammation. One study from way back in 1975 (yes, we’ve been studying it for that long!) found that CBG may help boost GABA levels (again, more than CBD or THC), which is well worth exploring further in the realms of seizure control, muscle spasticity, sleep conditions and anxiety disorders.
Although CBG has been a point of interest for research and medical exploration, we still don’t know quite as much about it as we do about CBD and THC. Furthermore, while the cannabis plant has been used for thousands of years, minor cannabinoids like CBG have always supported in the background, working in synergy with the rest of the plant. So, isolating this molecule and making the amount we ingest higher is quite new, and clearly worth researching a lot more. We here at Ardoa Organics use CBG in almost all of our oils.
Scientists, doctors and cannabinoid researchers have been working away behind the scenes since the 1930s, but thanks to 100 years of cannabis prohibition what they have been able to do has been limited. But now, with cannabis becoming legal in many countries (and states) across the world, things are suddenly speeding up! It’s obvious that a vibrant future lies ahead for cannabinoids, with new findings being revealed almost every day. The more we discover, the better it seems to get!
Find out more about cannabinoids: Read everything you need to know about CBDa.
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